Statutory requirements for the teaching and learning of Mathematics are laid out in the Mathematics sections of the National Curriculum in England Key Stages 1 and 2 Framework Document (2013) and in the Mathematics (Specific Area) section of the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (2014).
In the Early Years (Nursery and Reception) children are given opportunities to develop their mathematical understanding through interaction with a stimulating and rich learning environment both indoors and outdoors. Resources are easily accessible and children’s interests are fostered and developed through a range of adult led and child initiated activities.
Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2) and Key Stage Two (Years 3-6) children are taught using the programme of study for their year group. Teachers introduce content from the year group above for more able pupils and consolidate content from the year group below with children who are taking longer to reach age related expectations. By the end of each key stage, most pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study in the National Curriculum in England Key Stages 1 and 2 Framework Document (2013).